Garnets are a group of silicate minerals and has a number of species and they are: pyrope, almandine, spessartine, grossular (varieties of which are hessonite or cinnamon-stone and tsavorite), uvarovite and andradite. All these species of garnets possess similar physical properties and crystal forms, but differ in chemical composition.
Garnet species has different colors including red, orange, yellow, green, purple, brown, blue, black, pink, and colorless, red being most common color. Garnet's hardness on the Mohs scale range between 6.5 to 7.5, depending on the Garnet species.
Almandine garnet is a species of garnet which contains iron-aluminium. It is red in color and is the most common species of garnets. Almandine with high clarity and rich dark red are used as gemstones and often used as a substitute of rubies. Almandine Garnets can be found in Sri Lanka, Africa and China.
Spessartine or spessartite garnet is a species of garnet which contains manganese aluminium. Its name is derived from Spessart in Bavaria. Spessartine comes in orange yellowish red and violet red color. Orange yellowish red Spessartine is found in Madagascar. Violet-red spessartines are found in rhyolites in Colorado and Maine.
Spessartine garnet from Madagascar
Grossular garnet is a calcium-aluminium species of the garnet. It has a wide variety of colors include green, cinnamon brown (cinnamon stone variety), red, and yellow. Because of its inferior hardness to zircon, which the yellow crystals resemble, they have also been called Hessonite from the Greek meaning inferior. Grossular garnet from Tsavo area of Kenya and Tanzania has been called tsavorite. Click here on more information on Green Grossular garnets.
Healing Properties of Garnets and their uses:
Associated with the First Chakra, Almandine Garnet is a stone of purity, love and compassion, bringing constancy to friendships. It is intimately tied to the Earth, and is a talisman of protection and unyielding strength, increasing willpower and resistance to all things negative. It also brings courage and creative energy and bring emotional balance to a person. It helps depression and emotional trauma.
Grossular Garnet is a stone of prosperity, health and abundance. It encouraging gratitude and service to others. It carries a regenerative energy especially in the area of finance, which is excellent in aiding those which financial problems. Grossular Garnet can be used to attract and discover new business ventures and enhancing customer relationships to promote business growth and overcome challenges. They can help to bring one’s visions into reality. Their vibrational pattern brings positive energies such as confidence and motivation to solve problems and handle difficult situations and make tough decisions.
Green Grossular Garnet activates the Heart Chakra for heart healing which can heal emotions such as fear, anxiety, stress, anger and thus, help to improve relaxation and calmness.